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Statistical Portrait of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States

May 3, 2017

Statistical Portrait of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States

There were a record 43.2 million immigrants living in the U.S. in 2015, making up 13.4% of the nation’s population. This represents a fourfold increase since 1960, when only 9.7 million immigrants lived in the U.S., accounting for just 5.4% of the total U.S. population. Click on any of the bold headings below in the summary table to see detailed tables for each.

Click here for a PDF of all the tables below and read the accompanying blog post. Download the Excel workbook.

For a statistical portrait of the Hispanic population in the United States, click here.

Characteristics of the U.S. Foreign-Born Population: 2015
% of the foreign-born population, unless otherwise noted
Population/Region of Birth/Nativity/Language Use/Race/Years in the U.S.
Population (#) 43,158,110
Born in Mexico 26.8
Citizen 48.0
Speaking English at least very well (ages 5 and older) 51.0
White alone, not Hispanic 18.1
Age/Gender/Marital Status/Fertility
Median age (in years) 43
Female 51.4
Married (ages 18 and older) 59.8
Women ages 15-44 giving birth in past year 7.4
Educational Attainment and Enrollment
(highest degree completed, ages 25 and older)
High school graduate or less 51.6
Two-year degree/Some college 18.7
Bachelor’s degree or more 29.7
Work/Earnings/Income
(ages 16 and older)
In labor force (among civilian population) 66.0
Median annual personal earnings (in 2015 dollars, among those with earnings) $28,000
Median annual household income (in 2015 dollars) $51,000
Poverty/Health Insurance
Living in poverty 16.5
Uninsured 22.2
Homeownership and Household Characteristics
In family households 86.3
Region and Top Five States of Residence in 2015
West 34.6
California 24.7
South 32.9
Texas 10.7
Florida 9.5
Northeast 21.3
New York 10.5
New Jersey 4.6
Midwest 11.1
Source: Pew Research Center tabulations of 2015 American Community Survey (1% IPUMS)
“Statistical Portrait of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 2015”


Click on each heading below to expand and see detailed tables.

Population/Region of Birth/Nativity/Language Use/Race/Years in the U.S.

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Age/Gender/Marital Status/Fertility

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Educational Attainment and Enrollment

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Work/Earnings/Income


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Poverty/Health Care

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Homeownership and Household Characteristics

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Region and Top Five States of Residence in 2015

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Pew Research Center

The author Pew Research Center

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